According to the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Simla agreement was therefore “much more than a peace treaty that wants to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. cause the withdrawal of troops and the exchange of prisoners of war) “It was a complete blue impression for the good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. As part of the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to end the conflicts and confrontations that have affected relations in the past and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. Shimla Agreement: Donald Trump recently claimed in a statement that Prime Minister Modi had asked him to mediate in the Kashmir conflict between India and Pakistan. India has categorically rejected Trump`s allegations that the prime minister had not made such a request. Mr. Trump`s claim in Kashmir, however, turned into a huge controversy, in violation of the 1972 Shimla Accords. The United States has always maintained that the Kashmir issue must be resolved bilaterally by India and Pakistan. India also strongly asserted that its Kashmir dispute with Pakistan was bilateral and that no third parties played a role in this regard. That is why Trump`s recent statement marks a significant change in the previous position of the United States on this issue. In order to gradually re-establish and normalize relations between the two countries, it was agreed that (i) the principles and objectives of the UN Charter governed relations between the two countries.  Forty-seven years have passed since India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement for the peaceful settlement of all disputes and problems between the two countries. The Simla Agreement, signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was much more than a peace treaty aimed at reversing the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e.
the withdrawal of troops and the exchange of prisoners of war). It was a blue impression for good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. As part of the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to end the conflicts and confrontations that have affected relations in the past and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. The Simla Agreement contains a number of guiding principles on which India and Pakistan have agreed and which both sides would adhere to in the management of relations between them. They insist on respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other; non-interference in the internal affairs of the other; respect for unity, political independence; sovereign equality; and hostile propaganda. However, the following principles of the agreement are particularly noteworthy: the Simla Agreement on Bilateral Relations between India and Pakistan, signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Z. A. Bhutto, on 2 July 1972 in Simla. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.  (ii) that the two countries are committed to resolving their differences through bilateral negotiations or other peaceful means agreed among them with a view to achieving peaceful measures.