Countries face a growing challenge to address the growing risks of climate change and climate variability and to jeopardize the development and achievement of sustainable development goals. The adoption in 2015 of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change is a clear mandate for greater coherence of countries` approaches to disaster risk reduction. While these two frameworks relate to their respective objectives and objectives, both are the main steps towards a more sustainable, resilient and just future. Domestically, responsibilities for climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) tend to be shared among different institutions and stakeholders; At the international level, they are supported by separate UN agencies and related processes. Different approaches and mechanisms inevitably lead to overlaps and gaps. Development cooperation can help partner countries address the risks of climate change and disasters, while strengthening coherence in the implementation of CCOs and DRRs. These include supporting initiatives, including pilot projects, that strengthen countries` policy and institutional regulation and that can facilitate the identification of opportunities for coherence in CCAs and DRM. At the same time, development cooperation can create barriers to coherence in CCA and DRR if the intersection between the two is insufficiently taken into account in the assistance provided or where there is insufficient coordination between agencies or aid providers to the CCA or DRR. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 is a global agreement to reduce and avoid disaster risks worldwide. It aims to build social and economic resilience to mitigate the negative effects of climate change, man-made disasters and natural hazards. The EU has played a key role in the negotiations of the agreement and is helping EU member states and third countries achieve the seven Sendai objectives.
In June 2016, the European Commission published an action plan to implement Sendai`s priorities in EU policies and financial instruments. Sendai`s Framework for Disaster Prevention for 2015-2030 was adopted by UN member states on 18 March 2015 at the third UN World Conference on Disaster Prevention in Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. The Sendai framework is the first major development agreement for the post-2015 year, with seven objectives and four priorities for action. That is why the Sendai framework was created to complement other international agreements and processes: the Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris Climate Agreement, the commitments of the humanitarian summit and the new urban agenda. Together, they address the global challenges of poverty, climate and environmental degradation, prosperity, peace and justice. The Sendai framework recognises the primary role of states in the Hyogo 2005-2015 (HFA) framework and stresses the importance of action at the local level. The framework defines activities at the national and local levels in its priorities for action. Among the seven global targets (a) – (g), target (e) calls for the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies to increase significantly by 2020. This concrete objective is shared with the SDG 1 indicators that call for an end to poverty, SDG 11 for sustainable cities and municipalities, and SDG 13 on climate change. The Sendai framework was the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven global objectives and four priorities for action. It provides the way to prevent and reduce disaster risk and provides a solution to save lives, livelihoods and assets, as well as reduce the tax burden on governments to save the consequences of failed “development.” .
The EU played a key role in the Negotiations on the Sendai framework.